- Remove leaves and debris - These items will smother your lawn, or worse, kill it all together. Debris can also promote disease growth.
- Grass preparation - You will find suggestions to cut your lawn shorter at the last cutting before winter. Our practice is to leave the lawn at three inches. The more green grass blade available to collect and store nutrients before it goes dormant the better. And the taller the blade the stronger the roots below. However, the grass should not be so long that it is laying over on itself.
- Fertilize - It is important to give your lawn the largest amount of fertilizer in the fall. This gives it a large store of nutrients to survive the winter. It is best to do this in September or October in hopes of a good soaking fall rain before the ground freezes.
Trees and shrubs can also benefit from some special winter care
- Apply mulch - Mulching around trees and shrubs adds extra protection for winter. Mulching controls erosion and also helps with soil temperature around the base of the tree.
- Prune most trees and shrubs in winter. Winter, in many regions, is the perfect time to prune and trim. Pruning in late winter, before spring growth begins, leaves fresh wounds exposed for only a short amount of time before new growth begins. But during the winter, trees and shrubs are working hard under the soil so they don't have to work on putting out new growth and recovering from trimming like they would during the spring and summer.
- Other thoughts - There are other things you can do like applying anti-transpirants to protect from water loss or wire mesh to protect the base of trees. However, if you have to do too many things to protect your trees during the winter, it might possibly be the wrong tree for your area.